Myotherapy is a branch of manual medicine which focuses on the treatment and rehabilitation of musculoskeletal pain and its associated conditions. Two doctors by the names of Travell and Simons developed the practise during the 1970’s after caring out several research studies into the cause and treatment of pain associated with myofascial trigger points.
Trigger point therapy is a major part of myotherapy as it stands today. However the practise also encoporates a wide range of soft tissue massage and manipulation techniques including, but certainly not limited to: muscle energy technique, dry needling and joint mobilization.
Myotherapists also prescribe therapeutic stretches, nutritional advice, exercise recommendations and postural improvements. Thermal treatments are often prescribed and electro-mechanical therapies such as ultrasound and TENS are often used to help diagnose and treat different problems which may present.
Myotherapists take a holistic approach towards treatment. This means they don’t only look at the physical manifestations presented, but also assess the person’s psychological state as well as paying close attention to a variety of lifestyle factors that may come into play. This may include: the person’s occupation, their diet, their exercise regime, anything that contributes to their day to day well-being.
During a treatment a myotherapist will assess and treat the connective tissue (muscle, tendons, ligaments, joint capsules, tissue coverings) using mostly direct ‘hands-on’ techniques. Some myotherapists are also trained in the use of TENS machines, lasers, ultrasound, rehabilitation aids, taping, dry needling and exercise prescription for rehabilitation.
What can a myotherapist treat?
• Headaches; tension, referred, migraine, cluster
• TMJ Dysfunction; jaw pain
• Acute and chronic muscular conditions
• Impingement conditions; thoracic outlet syndrome, facet joint dysfunction
• Joint capsule and ligament sprains, muscular and tendon strains
• Bursitis, tendonitis and tenosynovitis; bicipital tendonitis, olecranon bursitis, DeQuervains tensynovitis
• Overuse and occupational injury; medial and lateral epicondylitis (golfers and tennis elbow)
• Lumbar (lower back) sprains and strains
• Sacroiliac dysfunction, sciatic pain
• plantar fasciitis, hamstring complaints, shin splints
• Patellar instability and patellofemoral dysfunction
• patellar tendonitis, ITB friction syndrome
• Arthritis and inflammatory conditions
• Fibromyalgia and myofascial pain syndrome
• Postural dysfunction – structural or functional
• Female specific and pregnancy related musculoskeletal complaints
• Stress related musculoskeletal complaints
• Occupational related musculoskeletal complaints
• Paediatric and Geriatric specific musculoskeletal complaints
• Athlete specific musculoskeletal complaints
• Disability related musculoskeletal complaints